e-ISSN: 3023-6053
Volume : 1 Issue : 2 Year : 2023

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Adolescent Football Players’ Nutritional Knowledge Levels, Nutritional Status, and Nutritional Habits During the COVID-19 Pandemic [BAU Health Innov]
BAU Health Innov. 2023; 1(2): 51-64 | DOI: 10.14744/bauh.2024.43153

Adolescent Football Players’ Nutritional Knowledge Levels, Nutritional Status, and Nutritional Habits During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Aslıcan Ateş1, Yonca Sevim2
1Bahçeşehir University, Graduate School, İstanbul, Türkiye
2Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Bahçeşehir University, İstanbul, Türkiye

INTRODUCTION: This study was conducted to evaluate the nutritional knowledge levels, habits, nutritional status, and changing nutritional habits during the pandemic period of adolescent football players aged 14–18 years who play football in a football academy.
METHODS: 89 male football players (62 middle-adolescents and 27 late-adolescents) participated in the study. Information about general characteristics, health, nutritional habits, and knowledge level of the athletes were obtained by a questionnaire method applied by face-to-face interview. Height and weight measurements were taken by researcher. Three-day food records were taken, and dietary nutrient intakes were calculated with a software program and the data were statistically evaluated.
RESULTS: The majority of the athletes do not skip meals. When those who skipped meals were analyzed, it was found that the majority skipped the midday meal. As a reason, they stated that it coincided with the training time. According to the rate of correct answers to the questions in the nutrition knowledge level section, the success rate of the middle adolescent group was 81%, and 75% of the late adolescent group. The majority of the athletes did not change their eating habits during the pandemic period. Dietary intake of energy, carbohydrate, fiber, calcium, iron, potassium, zinc, and Vitamin B1 of the athletes were lower than recommendations, protein intake was sufficient, and fat, sodium, and phosphorus intakes were higher than recommendations. The percentages of the recommended intakes of nutrients in the eighteen age group were found to be lower than the other age groups.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Athletes generally have fat-weighted diets, and dietary intakes were insufficient in terms of some important nutrients required for growth, development, and sports performance.

Keywords: Adolescent, dietary habits, eating behavior, nutritional status, sports.

Aslıcan Ateş, Yonca Sevim. Adolescent Football Players’ Nutritional Knowledge Levels, Nutritional Status, and Nutritional Habits During the COVID-19 Pandemic. BAU Health Innov. 2023; 1(2): 51-64

Corresponding Author: Yonca Sevim, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English